Makaibari has a rare eco-system with a diversity of flora and fauna

    The Makaibari forests is the key to Darjeeling’s ecological diversity, an essential portal that exhibits her terroir perfectly.

    The airport Bagdogra or railhead New Jalpaiguri are both in a tropical environment an hour’s drive away. Makaibari is in a temperate clime, and Sandhakphu, some hour uphill at 5000 meters is alpine –arctic. This creates a unique biotope with a diversity of flora and flora unmatched elsewhere globally. The biodiversity compressed in this small biotope makes it a dream for naturalists , botanists, ornithologists.

    The strategic location of Darjeeling, which is a virtual gateway to Nepal, Sikkim, Tibet, and Bhutan, also makes it an important political hub. This factor, coupled with the ethnic diversity of her residents offers a global melting pot, which is an exclusive window of harmony in diversity.

    At Makaibari, over twenty varieties of bamboos grow, together with a plethora of endangered species both in the plant and animal kingdom.
    Our forests are home to Bengal tigers, leopards, deer, boar, monkeys, reptiles, and over 300 bird species-with the Pied Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) ruling the roost. Insects are at home, and the garden’s proud is the “Tea Deva”, the mimetic insect (Phyllium bioculatum) looking like a tea leaf, first sighted in 1990 at Makaibari.

    "Soils constitute the foundation of vegetation and agriculture. Forests need it to grow. We need it for food, feed, fiber, fuel and much more."

    José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General - International Year of Soils 2015: Healthy soils for a healthy life